Showtime premieres its nine-part documentary series Years of Living Dangerously tonight at 10 p.m. U.S. EDT. The series uses some of the biggest names in Hollywood to draw attention to the impacts of climate change. James Cameron, Jerry Weintraub and Arnold Schwarzenegger are on the team of executive producers, while celebrities noted for their environmental advocacy appear on camera including Don Cheadle, Harrison Ford, Matt Damon, Ian Somerhalder and Jessica Alba.
What are they hoping to accomplish with this series? Executive producer David Gelber summed it up:
The goal of Years of Living Dangerously is to galvanize a national conversation on the realities of climate change and inspire people to share their own stories and empower them to get involved in solutions.
I watched the first episode, available early and for free on YouTube, and understand why the reviews are extremely positive. It is a beautiful piece from a filmmaking standpoint, but then of course these folks aren’t awards darlings for nothing. During the first hour, viewers follow Ford, Cheadle and New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman to three countries filled with stark shots of droughts, job loss, burnt forests and civil war. The creators’ meaning is clear: climate change is real and wreaking havoc in myriad ways across the world.
Climate scientist and Evangelical Christian Katharine Hayhoe provided the only thing close to a call to action in the episode, saying we need “policies in place to actually start curbing our carbon emissions.” At that point I thought, “Here comes nuclear.” Yet there was no mention of policies favoring nuclear, or any energy policy solutions for that matter. I didn’t really expect solutions to be presented at length during the first episode. Hints would have been nice though.
I found myself repeatedly
wondering if the series would offer realistic policy solutions and, more
importantly, if these stories were compelling in a way that moves governments
toward those solutions. Because that is the scale we are talking about here.
Sure, average viewers can do their part, embracing energy efficiency and
sharing their stories. But what does the series propose for curbing emissions
on a global scale while still meeting energy demand for a growing population? That
remains to be seen.
|Don Cheadle, Katharine Hayhoe and |
Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger of The Breakthrough Institute recently shared their concern in a New York Times op-ed that the series’ approach will not result in meaningful change, and that “turning down the rhetoric and embracing solutions like nuclear energy” would have been more effective. I want to reserve judgment until I’ve seen the remaining episodes, though their initial concern does seem warranted. The series’ website hints that they will call for a halt to burning fossil fuels and a ramp up of renewables, while nuclear energy gets no mention.
I do have some hope, and that’s because there are also two powerful pro-nuclear voices behind the series: Paul Allen and James Hansen. Co-producer Paul Allen previously put his money behind the pro-nuclear documentary film Pandora’s Promise. Allen said this about the film and nuclear:
Even before Pandora’s Promise was made, I’d become convinced that nuclear energy should be part of the climate change solution. Once I saw Pandora’s Promise, I knew the film would get people thinking about nuclear in a whole new way. I like that the film lays out the facts and then viewers can make up their own minds about nuclear power based on the facts and information presented. Documentaries like this open people’s minds and lead to informed decision-making, which is critical if we want to tackle the world’s biggest challenges.
Science advisor James Hansen, formerly NASA’s chief climate scientist, came out in favor of nuclear energy last year and has been grabbing headlines since. Last March, he published a paper demonstrating that nuclear saved 1.8 million lives by replacing fossil fuels. In November, he joined three other noted climate scientists in issuing an open letter that urged environmentalists and politicians to support nuclear energy as a primary way to reduce carbon emissions.
Here are the key points the Years team needs to consider:
- Clean-air electricity
sources—nuclear, hydropower, geothermal, wind and solar—are important to
America’s diverse energy mix, because they do not produce greenhouse
gases. Nuclear energy is the largest of these sources generating 64 percent of America’s clean air electricity.
- Renewables like wind and
solar are part of the answer, but have limitations
such as intermittent power production. While renewables are growing fast,
they are nowhere close to producing the 770 billion kilowatt-hours of
electricity that America’s nuclear energy facilities generated in 2012. Notably,
Hansen once told the Associated Press, “They’re cheating themselves [environmentalists]
if they keep believing this fiction that all we need is renewable energy.”
- A nuclear power plant’s
byproduct consists of used uranium fuel rods safely stored in pools or concrete containers rather
than CO2 or air pollution associated with acid rain or urban smog.
- By using nuclear energy to
produce electricity, America prevents the emission of 570 million metric tons of CO2 per year. That’s the
same as preventing the emissions produced by 110 million cars—the vast
majority of U.S. cars on the road today.
- Mainstream analyses conducted by independent organizations have shown that reducing carbon emissions will require a diverse energy portfolio and that nuclear energy is the only low-carbon option to help meet forecasted global electricity demand.